Maharshi Bharadwaja is an august name in the pantheon of Hindu Sages who
recorded Indian civilization, in the spiritual, intellectual, and
scientific fields in the hoary past. The rishis transmitted knowledge
from mouth to mouth and from ear to ear, for long eras. Written
transmission through birch-backs or palm leaves or home made paper, are
from this side of a thousand years. The word “yantra” is derived from
the root yam, to control, and has been freely used in ancient India for
any contrivance. Mechanical skills had produced in ancient India many
accessories for scientific activities, such as surgical instruments in
medicine, the pakayantras or laboratory equipment in medicine, Rasayana,
and the astronomical yantras described in Jyotisa works. These belong to
a different category. In the Mahabharata we hear of the Matsya-yantra or
the revolving wheel with a fish which Arjuna had to shoot in order to
win Draupadi in the svayamvara.
More interesting references are made by Valmiki to yantras on the field
of battle, the continuity of which tradition we see later in the
Arthasastra of Kautilya. The fortifications include equipment in the
form of yantras. In Ayodhya 100.53, in the Kaccita-sarga, while
enquiring about measures of defense, Rama asks Bharata whether the fort
is equipped with yantras. Lanka, as a city built by Maya, is naturally
more full of the yantras. The city, personified as a lady, is called
yantra-agara-stani, informing us of a special chamber filled with
yantras. (Sundara 3. 18). The Arthasastra of Kautilya is one of the
books of culture which throws a flood of light on the particular epochs
in which they arose. This work of 300 B.C.E. being a treatise on
statecraft, speaks of yantras in connection mainly with battles, but
also with architecture to some extent. An early work, a theoretical
treatise and a text of great reputation, the Arthasastra forms our most
valuable document on the subject of yantras.
And, as early as the Bhagavad Gita, the machine became an apt simile for
man being a tool in the hands of the Almighty that sits in man's heart
and by His mystic power makes man not only move but also delude himself
into the notion of his being a free or competent agent.
“To deny to Babylon, to Egypt and to India, their part in the
development of science and scientific thinking is to defy the testimony
of the ancients, supported by the discovery of the modern authorities. -
L. C. Karpinski
“Thus we see that India’s marvels were not always false.” - Lynn
The following machines are to be made of a metal called Veera. An alloy
formed by melting and fusing the three metals Kshwinka, Arjunika and
Kanta (magnet), in three, five and nine parts respectively, is called
Veeraloha or a metal namely Veera. When it undergoes shastraic
processes, it cannot be destroyed by fire, air, water, electricity,
cannon, gun-powder or the like. It will then be very strong, light, and
of golden color. The metal is specially meant for Machines.
A machine of this name contains doors in east, south, west, north and
top. Weighs 170 Ratals. Carries one thousand Ratals. By the help of
electricity it can travel five Kroshas per hour. It is used as
conveyance for men and in wars. Since the machine is conducted by the
power of a spirit called Gaja it is named as Gajaakarshana Panchamukha
These are the machines drawn by such animals as oxen, asses, horses,
camels, elephants and so on.
Chaturmukha Ratha Yantra
This machine has faces or openings on four sides. Weighs 120 Ratals. It
can be conducted with any oil, preferably that of coconut shells, or
with the help of electricity. Travels six Kroshas per hour. Used for
traveling, wars, and transporting things.
Trimukha Ratha Yantra
This Machine weighs 116 Ratals. It has three doors, downwards, upwards
and on one side. It can carry a weight of 600 Ratals. It is conducted
with the help of oil extracted from knotted root of Simha-Krantha, and
from that extracted out of the stalks of a kind of grass. If such oils
are not available, electricity may be made use of. It is used for the
purposes that the above machine, viz. Cahkra-mukha-Ratha Yantra is used.
It weights 80 Ratals. Doors to east and west. Conducted by a wheel
fitted with screws. Travels three Koshas per hour. Can carry a weight of
three hundred Ratals. Used for the above purposes.
Ekamukha Ratha Yantra
This machine has only one door. Weighs 48 Ratals. Carries two hundred
Ratals of weight. Travels with the help of oil extracted from the seeds
of Kancha-Thoola or Sovlaalika or by electricity: speed 1 Keosha per
hour. Used for the above purposes.
Simhaasya Ratha Yantra
This machine presents a front of a lion’s appearance. Possesses two
doors. 75 Ratals in weight. Carries a weight of 50 Ratals. It can travel
both on land and air. It has the quality of expanding and contracting.
Used for the above purposes.
Vyaaghraasya Ratha Yantra
This is modeled after a tiger. Possesses wings. Weighs 64 Ratals.
Carries 200 Ratals of weight. It travels in air expanding its wings with
electric power, but contracting its wings with steam power. It is used
for the above purposes.
This is modeled after a litter. Contains two doors. Weights 50 Ratals.
Carries 148 Ratals. Travels three Kroshas per hour. Conducted with the
help of the electricity and an oil, viz Shilyusha extracted from wine.
Kurmamukha Ratha Yantra
This is modeled after a tortoise. Contains small doors. Weighs 32 Ratals.
Used for only spying.
Ayah – Prasaarana Yantra
Out of those that are conducted by electricity this is one which travels
on iron line spread on earth. It may be constructed to contain from 40
to 80 wheels. It resembles the railway train somewhat, weighs 4000
Ratals. Carries twenty-five thousand Ratals. Travels three Kroshas per
hour with the power of electricity. It is used in transporting men and
goods from place to place.
This machine has five faces. Weighs 115 Ratals. Carries twelve thousand
Ratals. Carries twelve thousand Ratals. Has another machine which
enables the five doors to open or shut. Conducted with electricity.
Speed four Kroshas per hour. Used for the above purposes.
Eka Chakra Yantra
This contains only one wheel. It is modeled after a trap. Weights 105
Ratals. Carries 800 Ratals. It is given motion and kept in motion by its
wheels being worked by bellows. Travels three Kroshas per hour.
This machine has three faces. Contains three compartments which can be
separated. Weights one thousand Ratals. Travels on water. The three
compartments are so arrayed that it can travel with the second
compartment if the first is damaged, and if the second also gets
damaged, the third compartment can safeguard the contents, by separating
them as may be necessary. Should the topmost apartment be in a dangerous
predicament, it can rise into heavens and travel in the air. Uses as
This machine has the door below. It is modeled after a shut umbrella.
The covering is made of thick water-proof cloth which is manufactured
out of the juice of the five trees or Pachavarga Kasheeree Vruksha.
Weighs 42 Ratals. Carries 300 Ratals. It can expand into the shape of a
tent by working a screw inside. So also it can contract into the former
shape by working another screw. Appears like a flag. Used for secret
wanderers like spying. With electric power or with the help of its
wheels turned by bellows it can travel six Kroshas per hour.
Goodha Gamana Yantra
This machine can accommodate only three persons. Weighs half a maund.
Appears like an ordinary tower. Contains five keys. Can travel on land
as well as air. Its motion is almost invisble. Can travel eight Kroshas
per hour with the power of an oil called Sinjurika. Used for secret
This machine is made of glasses of abhraka or mica. There are sixteen
doors. Weights three Ratals. Carries five Ratals. Appears like a
sparking light and as such none can know that it is a machine. Should
anyone go near it, the sparkling light produced by turning an inner key
will kill him. Can travel on water as well as on land. With the electric
power of solar rays it can travel twelve Kroshas per hour. Used for
journeys, in wars and in dispatching money.
This machine is constructed with paper, manufactured out of grass
belonging to Maunjavarga; the 3rd, 9th, 11th, 22nd, 30th and 42nd
classes of grass are known as Pishangamunja, Pingala Munja, Rajjumnunja
and son on. This machine cannot be destroyed by fire or water. It is
exceedingly light and strong. It can travel 15 Kroshas per hour with the
help of wind-worked wheels. Carries 100 Ratals.
This machine has two doors. Weighs 148 Ratals. Carries three thousand
Ratals. With the help of steam it travels two and a half Kroshas per
hour. It can go both forward and backward. It can be expanded or
contracted. Contains seven keys. Used for the above purposes.
This machine has three storeys. There are secret seats for 400 people to
sit in each of the three storeys. The seats are not ordinarily visible.
The storeys can alone be perceived. Weights 230 Ratals. Carries
thirty-six thousand Ratals. It travels with the help of electricity or
steam, or with the help of spirits of seventh kind of wine. Can go 32
Kroshas per hour. Useful in carrying men and things in warfare.
This machine has only one door, weighs 50 Ratals. Carries 200 Ratals.
Sails on water. Just like a bubble of water, sometimes it can rise above
water and at times it can dive underneath water. Moves with the power of
steam or of spirits of Kanajala Kshaara. Travels four Kroshas per hour.
Used by marine spies.
This is modeled after a tortoise. Weights 500 Ratals. Carries eight
thousand Ratals. Contains two doors. Travels under the surface of water.
Used for the above purposes.
This is modeled after a lotus. Contains four doors. Weighs 69 Ratals.
Carries 800 Ratals. A pole is fixed in the middle to contain keys inside
to expand and contract the machine just like a lotus opens and shuts.
With the help of the power of steam or electricity it cant travel 24
Kroshas per hour. Used in voyages to distant islands.
This contains a face of seven keys, sparkling like stars. Twelve doors.
Weights two thousand Ratals. Carries twenty-five thousand Ratals. Out of
the seven keys, if the first is pressed, a melodious music accompanied
with every kind of musical instrument will be heard by those that are
inside: if the second is pressed, dramatic scenery and action will be
visible: by pressing the third, a stream of fresh water flows amidst the
occupants, so that they may make use of water as they please: by
pressing the fourth, plates with flowers, scents, plantains, camphor
etc. will be ready before the occupants so that they may worship God: by
pressing the fifth, plates of excellent food will be ready before them;
while they are taking their dinner, the plates turn round through wires:
by pressing the sixth: by pressing the seventh beds will be ready for
all. Should the keys be kept as they were everything will vanish. With
the help of steam or electricity it can travel four Kroshas per hour.
Used for the above purposes.
This is modeled after a hollow bamboo and is of bamboo color. Weighs
three thousand Ratals. Carries fifty thousand Ratals. Contains five
hundred compartments in which gun-powder, bullets, weapons etc. can be
preserved. Though fire breaks out nothing will be burnt or damaged,
because the fire is suppressed by the nature of the metal with which it
is composed. With the help of steam or electricity, it can run six
kroshas per hour. It is used chiefly in wars.
From the machine a glorious light will flow out just like moon-light
once in three hours. This light illuminates a distance of sixty four
Kroshas by which everything that lies in its range will be made clearly
visible. Weights one ratal. In the machine there is a wheel turning to
right round and round just like the Sun. Can travel on land, water and
in air. Useful in finding out objects from afar off. With the help of
spirits of sixteenth kind of wine it can travel four Kroshas per hour on
land, eight kroshas on water and twelve Kroshas in air.
This machine has a front like the moon’s disk: it is dark in the middle
and bright all round. Weighs 400 Ratals. Contains sixteen doors. Carries
sixteen thousand ratals. Contains five storeys and sixty-eight
cylinders. These cylinders are useful in filling the five kinds of
smokes, the seven powers, thirty-two kinds of powders and forty-eight
kinds of gas. When they are in those cylinders no harm is done to them.
This travels in paths dug out inside the earth. Travels with the help of
spirits of 13th quality of wine. Speed sixteen kroshas per hour. Used in
This is modeled after the crooked rod of a litter. This rod, resembling
the two angularly bent rods of an oil mill, will be turning round and
round always. There are thirty two screwed wheels. This machine must be
fixed to the earth. It is used in transporting elephants, camels,
horses, men, conveyances and son, or binging them near from a distance.
This can be done by working at the screws inside. This must be fixed in
the fitth circle of the warfield.
This is fitted by joining five cylinders. There are distillery machines
in each of these cylinders. These distilleries are used in manufacturing
not only oils, spirits, etc. but also smokes, powders and so on. Weighs
230 Ratals. Travels three Kroshas per hour with the help of spirits of
9th class of wine.
The front of this machine appears like a trap of wires. Inside the
machine there is a magnetic wheel in the center. Behind this, there are
exact representations of lions, tigers and other fierce animals all made
of wires. In front there is a magnifying glass of 103 rd class. By
working at the keys, these iron lions, tigers and so on can be made to
roar and pounce upon people that come near it. By doing so, none can go
near it. Weights 80 Ratals. Carries thousand Ratals. With the help of
the powers of spirits of the third class wine, it can travel four
kroshas per hour. Useful in wars.
This is modeled after an umbrella. It can run very fast by turning the
screws at the junction of wheels. Can accommodate only three persons.
Travels 8 kroshas per hour.
This is a machine which spreads the electricity in sky. It has five
storeys. Contains big glass vessels (containers) in each of them. In the
first storey, the glass vessels will be filled with tar mixed with coal.
In the second, the glass vessels will be filled with sea-foam or lather
with the extract of tin. In the vessels of the third storey, sulpjur
with the oil of the seeds of Visha mushti will be filled. Those of the
4th, will be filled with the five essences of oils of the Pranaksharas.
The five balls along with mercury, are fitted in those of the fifth.
Wires from these five vessels are united as per shastraic principles.
The vessels of the first storey must be filled with electricity and
through this the vessels of other storeys must be filled. Through this
it can spread in the sky. The machine weighs 32 Ratals. Used in
This is modeled after a spinning top. Contains six faces and sixty-four
screws inside. Weighs 68 Ratals. Carries eight thousand Ratals. Like a
top it turns round the armies and crowds of people, round and round. It
can turn round thrice, a distance of two kroshas in an hour, with the
help of electricity and spirit of eleventh of class of wine. Useful in
wars and in mutinies of people.
This is modeled after an immense serpent. Contains three coverings and
24 faces. It is filled with electricity. Contains also 148 cylindrical
apartments to stock poisonous gas. By working at the inner screws, it
can produce a noise equal to 32 thunderbolts. Emits poisonous gas as it
travels. The sound thus produced will be heard for a distance of 14 ¼
miles. People near it die of the mortal effects of the deafening noise
and poisonous gas. Those who are beyond eight kroshas of it will swoon.
Weighs 116 Ratals. Carries six thousand Ratals. Can travel six kroshas
per hour, with the help of electricity and spirits of 13th kind of wine.
This machine possesses the same symmetry on either side. Contains
sixty-four small holes or doors on either side. Contains a fresh water
stream inside. Above that stream, there flows another stream of tar. In
the middle there are oils belonging to seven varieties. Contains 71 keys
inside. By working at these keys, the poisonous gases, powers or
anything of the kind that is injurious to lives, will be swept off in
the range of twelve miles (roughly) around the machine and purifies the
atmosphere. Weighs 48 Ratals. Carries 108 Ratals. Travels five Kroshas
per hour with the help of electricity or spirits of 27th class of wine.
Use for purifying atmosphere whenever and wherever necessary.
This is modeled after a three-leafed Bilwa patra…. Having three
compartments. The first is square, the second is triangular, and the
third is a hexagon in shape. Each of these compartments has two doors.
Each compartment is provided with Peshanee Yantras. A Peshanee Yantra is
one which grinds grain such as wheat into powder. Always filled with
flour. This machine is conducted by electricity.
This machine has two towers, like the peaks of a mountain. Each of these
towers is one hundred (bahu) or yards in height. Each of the towers
contains 32 keys inside. There are cylinders at every key. Above the
towers there are flags and wheels. In front there are instruments to
measure the cold. Indicates the weather, wind, sun-light, rain,
thunderbolt, fall of stars and other future phenomena.
This machine contains three bases. In the first, there is a machine
having three heads like the elephant’s, but possessing two trunks in
each head. In the second there is a three-headed instrument, each of the
heads having two trunks of Vyali animal. In the third there is an
instrument which has three heads, each of which has the appearance of a
rhinoceros with tusks. They can be fitted together or separated as
required. The first of these Yantras can stop a stream of water, suck up
water of the stream and thus change the direction of the stream. The
second can tear mountain asunder and thus create passage. The third can
bore a hole in earth, suck up water from down below, and jet the same
out through the tusks above its head. Weighs six thousand Ratals.
Carries 80 Ratals. Travels and works by the help of steam, electricity
and spirits of 23rd class of wine. This machine is used in constructing
roads in water and bridges, and in piercing tunnels across mountains and
This is a very spacious machine. In it there are twelve cylinders
containing magnifying glasses. These cylinders are very big and they are
fitted that they can be turned into any direction as may be necessary.
Weighs 1800 Ratals. Carries forty thousand Ratals. There are two stories
in it, which can be separated or joined together with the help of keys.
Travels twelve Yojanas with the help of spirits of 32nd quality, steam
or electricity. The upper storey can be separated and can be soared into
heavens. By fixing the cylinders to it in the sky an area of 24 Yojanas
with forests, countries, seas, cities etc become clearly visible, and a
picture/photo of the same can be obtained. Used in traveling and so on.
This machine appears as though seven almirahs are fixed together.
Various kinds of wires, the essence or dravaka of the 16th kind of
magnet, and many other dravakas are filled in it. There are two bells of
bell-metal or white brass in each of these almirahs, and they are so
fitted as to produce a terribly alarming sound just like the alarm of a
clock. By the waves produced news of the world at large can be learned.
Used in gathering information and in pictures.
The machine contains a widely open mouth. Weighs 76 Ratals. Carries 120
Ratals. In front of this machine there are five keys appearing as
turrets. In the first turret there is a vessel of Chandra Kantha stone
of the sixth class. As soon as the moon rises, water oozes in this stone
vessel and it is filled. The same water is used by the men in the
machine to drink. The other turrets attract the powers of cloud, stars
and so on. Travels three Yojanas per hour with the help of spirits of
the 14th class or electricity. Used in traveling. Etc.
This machine contains three faces. Weighs a hundred Ratals. Carries ten
thousand Ratals. With the help of steam it can travel nine Yojanas per
hour. Used in traveling and in carrying goods.
A machine containing a five faced boring instrument and resembling a
conch shell is called Shankha mukha Yantram. There are keys to expand or
contract the machine whenever or wherever necessary. Weighs a thousand
Ratals. Used in constructing wells, digging, deep pits or boring holes
in mines. It can dig 213 bahus or yards in an hour.
Used also for the purposes contained in the description.
This is modeled after the face of a cow. Weighs 80 Ratals. Carries 700
Ratals. There is a constant flow of water through this mouth. Travels
two Yojanas per hour with the help of spirits of the 20th class. Used in
This machine appears like sky for those who look at it. Weighs 180
Ratals. Carries 2400 Ratals. Used in transporting elephants, camels, and
so on. Travels 3 Yojanas per hour with the help of steam and
This machine presents a beautiful face of a crab. Weights 118 Ratals.
Carries 1150 Ratals. Can travel with the help of spirits of the 14th
class, steam or electricity. Travels two Yojanas on land, four Yojanas
in air, and three Yojanas in water, per hour. Used in traveling and
transporting goods from place to place.
The balls that are made out of the metal found where stars fall, are
called Thaaraamanies. A machine which contains such balls is called
Thaaraamukha Yantram. There are three big cylindrical pillars in it.
There is another smaller machine inside this machine. The smaller
machine contains some draavakas or acids, electricity, some glasses and
so on. There are keys at the bottom of the three pillars, above named.
By working the first key a brilliant light just like the rainbow will be
produced. By working the second key a brilliancy light just like
sun-light covered by clouds will be given out. By working the third key
smoke will be issued out like dew. When this machine sails on sea, it
can take the photos/pictures of all machines and animals that travel or
stay both on and under the surface of the sea. Used in finding out
objects that are both on and under the surface of the sea.
This machine is round or circular in formation. Inside the machine there
are balls called Souraka, Paavaka, and so on which attract the heat of
solar rays. Weights 64 Ratals. Carries seventy thousand Ratals. Contains
twelve faces to allow solar rays in. Travels three kroshas per hour with
the help of the spirits of the third class. Used in traveling and
attracting the heat of the sun-light.
This machine contains 16 keys and twelve metallic cylinders. Is 32 feet
in height and 11 feet in circumference. Underneath there are 48 boring
instruments. There are 96 wheels which throw off the mud dug. There are
22 keys which dig up rocks. There are twelve instruments sucking water
up. This is a machine to be fixed in earth firmly. The water thus sucked
up flows like streams. This machine can dig earth as far as 82 thousand
feet deep. Used in digging earth and sucking water up.
This machine is modeled after a trap. There are wheels with stones
throughout this machine. By turning one wheel plenty of wind blows out.
By turning one wheel plenty of wind blows out. By turning another water
flows down. In this way there are wheels by turning which fire, steam,
poisonous gas, dew, power, colors and so on are issued. By the turning
of the wheels it travels two kroshas per hour. Used in many ways.
This machine is modeled after a scorpion. There are 24 joints inside.
There is a key at every joint. Every key is numbered and colored
differently. Music, melodious instruments, conversation, photos and many
other wonders will be produced according to the definite key that is
pressed. Those who go near it to enjoy these wonders will be not only
photographed of their appearance but also of their mind. Used in
Bhedopaya or in conquering enemies of deceit.
This machine is modeled after a bird with its mouth open. Contains four
wings. There are five keys to each of these wings. Wires are to be
connected to earth from its open mouth. As long as these wires extend in
earth, so long the earth will have acquired a peculiar power by which
people, if standing in this area will be benumbed. By working the keys
attached to the wings the people who stand in the infected area will
faint, or the earth will crack and so on, according to the work allotted
to be done by the keys.
This is modelled after a litter.
Throughout the body of this machine it is full of green eyes. There is a
button in every one of these eyes. This is to be firmly fixed on the
summit of a mountain. It is 60 ft. long and 14 ft. in circumference.
This is to be fixed in a town or city when it is surrounded by enemies.
From this machine keys are arranged and fixed through wires underneath
the surface of the earth to the extent of twenty-four miles, around the
place. Inside the machine buttons are arranged and numbered for all
these keys outside. By pressing the first button it will act upon the
particular key and the gates of the fort will be shut. By pressing
another the moats will get filled with water. In this way, by pressing
the other buttons wonderful phenomena such as tremendous fumes of fire,
floods of water, cyclones etc. will be created according to the defined
work of each key. This machine is used in defending a city or country
against strong enemies when offensive and defensive actions are at an
This is modeled after a mrindanga, or musical instrument. It is 25 feet
in height and as much in circumference. There is a machine called
Shabda-sphota Yantra inside the machine. When the key is worked a
tremendous noise bursts out equal to the simultaneous roar of 63 fierce
lions. Used as per the nature of its work.
This is modeled after an inverted earthen pot. 46 ft in height and 23
ft. in circumference. Contains keys resembling the feet of tortoise on
all four sides. Travels in water 6 kroshas per hour with the help of
Chakra Bhastrika. Used in finding the things on land under the surface
of the seas and bringing them up.
This is modeled after a horse. It possesses a tail of 38 ft. in length.
Weighs 54 Ratals. It gallops like a horse with the help of spirits of
32nd class. Possesses three horses’ speed. At the top of there are
three-faced keys. When it is set to work by the key it goes on galloping
just like a horse in a circular way. Circles a distance of twelve
Yojanas per hour. While in gallops, brilliant sparks of light will come
out and destroy all dew or fog covering that area and clear the
atmosphere. Used in places and times of dew, where and when the dew
obstructs the view.
This is like a globe in appearance. Around it there are 32 wires of 80
ft long and 40 ft in circumference, both in front and back of the
machine. There are three keys to these wires. By working the first key,
it becomes loaded with powder and bullets. By working the second it gets
ready to the aim. By working the third it fires. It rends the mountains
asunder to an extent of 24 feet per shot. Used in constructing tunnels
in mountains and rocks.
This is modeled after a crow. Contains three beaks like those of crows.
Inside there is machinery of electricity and so on. At the top there are
keys resembling small snuff boxes in which round buttons are inserted.
When this machine is fixed on rocks and set to work it expels with the
help of its beaks, slabs of stone as per desired dimensions. Cuts out 22
ft. stone in an hour. It is used in cutting stones.
This is modeled after an inverted metal boiler. 64 feet long and 16 feet
wide. On either side there are 16 ploughs 16 ft by 4 ft. wide, fixed.
Each plough contains two wings. At the beginning and end of them there
are turning screws. Inside there is electricity or steam boiler. There
are 24 keys above the machine. At the bottom of everyone of these keys
are wheels. By the side there are 32 screws. As soon as they are pressed
the machine goes on ploughing land. When the above 24 keys are set, the
machine begins to run. Goes 3 Yojanas per hour. Ploughs an area of 3
Yojanas by 64 feet, per hour. The depth of the mud turned up in the land
is 3 feet. Used in tilling the land.
This machine is square in shape and white in color as of the flower of
acaria Shireesha. At the top there are sixteen keys each intended for a
definite work. By turning the first key, there appear a pair of hands
the trunks of elephants and they can hold a weight of hundred Ratals. By
working the second key that weight will be placed wherever necessary.
The other keys are intended to carry up weights from deep water, and to
arrange pieces of stone, timber or the like in or above water in
constructing bridges or so. It can also bring down weights from a height
of 200 feet.
This is crescent in formation. It is provided with many cradles
suspended to it. There are 14 of them on each of the sideways and 8 in
the middle, suspended. In those of the right hand side there are
machines resembling pigs, while in those of the left wing there are
sawing machines. In those of the middle there are screwed wheels
suspended to chains. There are two wheels. This machine is to be in a
place where timber is to be cut and sawn. If the first key of the upper
wheel is turned, the above said pigs come down one by one. Bu working
the second screw the pigs fall at the trunk of trees, beat them and cut
them with tremendous noise and produce enormous quantity of smoke and
fire. This fire spreads to the extent of 16 miles around, burns up all
waste matter on land and clears the area. By the action of the fire on
trees, the oil and so on will be extracted and stored up in bottles
placed at the bottom of those trees. The heat of the fumes on the fire
renders all the trees in that area soft like a plantain. The leaves of
the trees fall down. By working the third key some more pigs come down
and roam about that place exhaling tremendous breaths. Owing to this
wind blown the ashes of that area will be swept off and the land
cleared. In the same way, if the key on left side be turned, the saws
from the cradles come down one by one. By turning the first screw of
that wheel the saws will get themselves ready at the place. of the trees
where they are to be sawn. By working the 3rd screw, the saws will go
back to their cradles and from them pairs of hands like the trunks of
elephants will come down. These pairs of hands will collect the pieces
of timber that are sawn down. This machine weighs 180 Ratals. Can travel
in forest with the help of steam power. It is a machine to be fixed to
the earth. It can saw 3200 ratals of weight of timber per hour. Used in
hewing and sawing timber in large quantities.
This machine is modeled after a lotus containing 8 petals. Under each of
these petals there will be an enclosure. In each of these enclosures. In
each of these enclosures there will be the 8 things viz. smoke,
electricity, water-vapor, air, Rushakam, Vishasaram, Manjusham and
Katusaram which are described in Meghotpati Prakaranam. There is the key
in the center of the lotus. In it there are eight screws for the 8
petals. By working any screw the things that are in the connected petal
will go high above and form a cloud. By working the central key fumes
like solar rays will be given out. As soon as the heat of these fumes
acts upon those clouds formed before, they begin to rain. This machine
is specialized to get rain.
This is like a pillar 116 feet high and 58 feet in circumference. At the
top there is a sieve containing holes and made of glass of the 96th
class called Somapa. From this sieve in this pillar there are twelve
machines in order. Above the sieve there is a covering of 97th class of
glass called Somasya Darpana. Above this covering there is a glass wheel
called Kumudinee containing spokes made of 98th class of glass called
Chandrika Darpana. In the twelve points of this machine there are twelve
upper screws and twelve lower screws. Bu turning the first screw, the
contents of the machine such as electricity, cold fluid, Shaitya Drava,
Sudha Mushee, Soonruta, Pushkalee, Pranada, Dravinaamrutha, Sooraneee,
Jambaalee, Lulita, Vaachaklavee, Gacyoosha, rise up in the definite
proportions. Through the cylindrical tubes which are fixed to the wheels
of the sieve these powers pass and touch the glass covering above. By
turning the electric screw then, the wheel turns 1192 rounds in a
minute. Then a power called Someeya of the lunar rays is attracted by
this wheel and it gets down through the sieve. Thus the power fills in
the bottle below in the form of gas. It must be kept air-tight. Its use
is this. When such limbs as head, hands, feet, of a person are cut off,
the limbs are fixed to the right place of the body and the body kept in
a box. The body must be wrapped in a covering of the bark of a plant
called Vaarshneeka Valkala. When to such a body the above Somadrava gas
is injuncted 5 Rajanikas, the body is resuscitated. This must be done
within five minutes after the injury is done. Used in setting the cut
limbs right, or resuscitating the persons killed, in the above manner.
Book used for this chapter
Diamonds, Mechanisms Weapons of War Yoga Sutras - By G. R. Josyer.