Maharishi Bhrigu was
one of the seven
great sages, one of
the Saptarshis in
ancient India, one
of many Prajapatis
(the facilitators of
Creation) created by
Brahma (The God of
Creation) , the
first compiler of
astrology, and also
the author of Bhrigu
during the Vedic
period, Treta yuga,
most probably around
Bhrigu is a ManasaPutra (wish-born-son) of Lord Brahma, who simply wished him into existence, to assist in the process of creation, for this reason he is also considered one of the Prajapatis.
He is married to Khyati, the daughter of Daksha. He has two sons by her, named Dhata and Vidhata His daughter Shri, was married Lord Vishnu (Narayana). Thus in some traditions, Laxmi, the consort of Lord Vishnu is said to be his daughter.
He had one more son, who is better known than Bhrigu himself - Shukra. The sage Chyavana is also said to be his son. [Maha:1.5]
Sage Bhrigu finds mention in the Vayu Purana, where he shown present during the great Yagna of Daksha Prajapati (his father-in-law)
The Bhrigus, also known as Bhargavas, are a clan of sages descending from the ancient fire-priest Bhrigu. They instituted the ritual of offering the juice of the Soma plant to the old deities. Some of them were also warriors in addition to being priests. The Bhrigus are intimately linked with the composition of the Atharva-Veda.
The prominent personalities (pravara) mentioned in the puranas of this clan include: Bhargava, Chyavana, Aaplavaana, Aurava, Jamadagnya (Son of Jamadagni, Parusharama).
The illustrious Bhrigu was born from Brahman. The learned Sukra is Bhrigu’s son. The planet Sukra (Planet Venus) is named after him. He became the spiritual guide of both the Daityas (enemies of Gods) and the Devas (Gods). Bhrigu begot another excellent son. This was Chyavana. Arushi, the daughter of Manu, became the wife of Chyavana. And, on her was begotten Aurva of great reputation. Aurva begot Richika. And Richika begot Jamadagni.
Bhrigu is credited as the father of Hindu astrology and the first astrological treatise Bhrigu Samhita is attributed to his authorship. This treatise is said to contain over 5 million horoscopes, in which he wrote down the fate of every being in the universe. According to popular tradition, only about a hundredth of these horoscopes have survived to this age.The Bhrigu Samhita is an astrological (jyotish) classic attributed to Maharishi Bhrigu during the Vedic period, although the available evidence suggests that it was compiled over a period of time by the various sishyas (students in the lineage) of Maharishi Bhrigu.
Maharishi Bhrigu was the first compiler of predictive astrology. He compiled about 500,000 horoscopes and recorded the life details and events of various persons. This formed a database for further research and study. This study culminated in the birth of the science (shastra) of determining the quality of time (Hora) and is the Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra. These Horoscopes were based upon the planetary positions of the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Rahu (North Node of the Moon) and Ketu (South Node of the Moon). After that, Maharishi Bhrigu gave his predictions on different types of horoscopes compiled by him with the help of Lord Ganesha in a brief and concise manner. The total permutations/ possible horoscope charts that can be drawn with this is about 45 million.
During foreign invasions of India by Muslim warriors from the north west in the 12th and 13th centuries, the brahmin community became dispersed all over India. The invaders captured these prime assets of the brahmins. Some parts of the 'Bhrigu Samhita' were taken away by them. The most unfortunate and destructive event was the destruction of the Nalanda university library where several thousands of the horoscopes compiled by Maharashi Bhrigu had been stored. Only a small percentage of the original horoscopes of Bhrigu Samhita remained with the brahmin community which are now scattered throughout various parts of India
Test of the divine Trinity
In a popular legend involving sage Bhrigu, once he participated in a debate concerning who among the Trimurti (Divine trinity: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva) is greater and worthy of receiving fruits of a yagna. On the suggestion of celestial sage, Narada, Bhrigu, the sage who had an extra eye in the sole of his foot, first visited Brahma and Shiva, both of whom, when they learned of his quest, sought to impress him with their power.
However when he reached Vaikunta, the abode of Vishnu, he saw that the god was fast asleep. Brighu called to him many times, but could not wake him up. Angered, he kicked the God on his chest. This woke Vishnu up, and immediately he started pressing the sage's feet, asking him if he had hurt his feet in kicking his hard chest. In the process, Vishnu also destroyed the third eye that Bhrigu had on his foot, which signifies his false ego . Upon seeing the humility of the God, Bhrigu learned the answer that he had been seeking for so long.