This work of Srimadacharya gives detailed
interpretation of each 'sutra' and establishes the main tenets of his
philosophy. These are:
1. Sriman Narayana is the
Lord of the universe, and the creation,
destruction, sustainanance ,control etc. are
according to his wish. He is the one called Brahma in the vedas and HE
is full of knowledge,bliss, and power(strength).
2.All living beings are
different from Him and from each other and are subordinate to Him,all
their actions are controlled by Him.
3.All inanimate objects are
different from Him and from each other and from all living objects.
4. The final emancipation
called mokhsha for the beings who are bound to the problems of 'samsara'
can be attained by intense devotion to the Lord with the true
knowledge of HIM.
Srimadacharya has established
these and other principles related to the same with reference to the
According to the bhashya of
Srimadacharya,the summary of each of the
chapters of the Brahma sutras is as follows:
Samanvaya adhyaya-- This
chapter explains that Sri Narayana is
ParaBrahma,and all names(names of the devatas
etc.), all words,and even all sounds are primarily qualifying the Lord
and so apply to Him and only secondarily to the persons or objects they
indicate.HE is the controller of all functions in the universe as stated
in 1 above.
In this chapter Srimadacharya has shown that according to the
Sutras there is no statement which contradicts the supremacy and the
qualities of the Lord defined in the first chapter;
and wherever any statement appears to contradict the same,it should be
reconciled with this main principle by considering the statements prior
to it and those following it (these are in philosophic parlance called
upakrama and upasamhara). This chapter also deals with the errors in the
interpretations given by others to the Brahmasutras.
Sadhana adhyaya-- The third
chapter deals with the fact that the Lord will be pleased with us only
by devotion to Him with the knowledge about Him as
given in 1 above. Srimadacharya has defined 'bhakti' as devotion
with right knowledge,and complete attachment to Him.
Phala Adhyaya-- This chapter
gives the result of such 'sadhana', namely freedom from the bondage of
this world where we face a lot of misery and attainment of 'moksha'
where there is always happiness. The gradation of souls,commonly known
as 'taratamya',is also dealt with here.
What is given here is a very
short note on the Brahmasutra Bhashya, on which an enormous volume of
philosophic literature has been produced by stalvarts starting from Sri
Padmanabha tirtha, Jayatirtha, Vyasaraja, Raghavendra tirtha and many
prostrations at the feet of BharatiramanaMukhyapranantargata Lakshmi