The 'visnutattva Nirnaya', as it's name indicates
is in independent work of Srimadachrya toestablish the principle of the
supemacy pf the Lord with reference to scriptures.
In this work Srimadacharya condemns the Charvaka
ststem of athiesm and
establishes that a theistic philosophy based on
sound principles as stated in the vedas is absolutely necessary for the
good of the world as an ateistic thinking can lead too chaos. Further He
proves the 'apourusheyatva'( that they are not authoured by any human
being ) of the Vedas. Further the work deals with the Vedic statements
like 'Tattvamasi' 'sarvam khavidam brahma' on which
the advaitic thought is based showing that they are also supporting the
dualistic philosophy and are not contradictory to statements like 'dvasuparnA
...'. The concept of 'Ekajivavada' and other modified systems of advaita
are also shown to be not acceptable. Srimadachraya,in the second part of
this work establishes with suitable quotations that Vishnu alone is
represented by the term Brahma,
and is the sole controller of all functions on this world.
Sri Sri Visvesha
tirthasripadangalavaru has written a simple kannada
translation of this work. He has given as an
introduction to the same a
detailed study of this work in
his inimicable style.
I have a few words to add here. Athiesm is refuted
by Sri Madhva, primarily for not being a 'theory'. Earlier I had thought
that he is refuting athiesm for cause of voilence in the world. But
after reading the commentary (posted on the dvaita-list), I understood
the correct meaning. Argument that athiesm causes voilence in the world,
is to refute Charvaka's own claim that his position does have
characteristics required for being a theory, i.e.,
it has a 'benefit to the world' (lokopakaara).
Please look into the archives for details.
In my opinion this is an excellent and *only
possible* refutation of atheist,and a *must read* for any seriously
interested person. I would like to know if members of the list know of
any other Hindu Acharya (before or after Sri Madhva) also refutes
athiesm in this way.