Devi Rahasya

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Devirahasya Tantra I

As water merges in water, as fire merges in fire, as (the void within) a broken pot dissolves in aether, and as air merges with air, so too the brahmana and brahmani dissolve in the supreme essence by drinking wine. Mountain Born One, there is no doubt about it! - Matrikabheda Tantra, III,34-35


There are many compilations or tantrik digests, discussing a variety of topics a sadhaka or sadhvini needs to know. Below is a summary of the contents of the Devirahasya, which will give an idea of the scope of this type of work. There is little philosophy here; practically the entire contents of the work deals with mantra, yantra, puja and sadhana of the different gods and goddesses discussed.

Rahasya means secret and the work does cover most of the topics a practitioner would need to know. These include purashcarana, which is the preparatory work before puja proper can start. This is very arduous, involving the recitation of mantra and a ritual which spans many hours. The Devirahasya, however, introduces some short-cuts for the Kaula initiate.

The panchangas (five limbs) in this work give essential puja information for a sadhaka or sadhvini and give intriguing insights into various aspects of devata worshipped by the Hindu tantrikas. (An example, translated on this site, is the Bala Panchanga.)



Chapter 1

This deals with the characteristics of guru and pupil, with the planetary positions and times of initiation, and with the attendant disqualifications on both pupils and gurus. It also deals with the sequence of initiation, the purification of the disciple, and the initiation of shaktis.


Chapter 2

The different mantras of the Devis are given. Go here for the translation of this chapter. The Devis mentioned are Bala (an aspect of Tripurasundari as a young girl), Panchadashi and Sodasi (Tripurasundari), Tripura, Vidyarajni (Queen of Vidya), Bhadrakali, Matangi, Bhuvaneshvari, Ugratara, Chinnamasta, Sumukhi (Pretty Face), Sarasvati, Annapurna (Full of Food), Mahalaksmi, Sarika(Small Bodied), Sarada(Autumnal), Indraksi(Indra's eyes), Bagalamukhi, Mahaturi(The Transcendent Fourth), Maharajni(Great Queen), Jvalamukhi (Fire-Mouth), Bhida, Kalaratri (Night of Time), Bhavani, Vajrayogini, Dhumravarahi(Smoky Varahi Devi), Siddhalakshmi, Kulavagisvari, Padmavati, Kubjika (Crooked One), Gauri (Fair One), Khecari, Nilasarasvati, Parasakti.


Chapter 3

Gives the different Saiva mantras such as: Mrtyunjaya (Siva as Conqueror of Death), Amrtesvara, Vatukabhairava (Siva in His aspect as a terrifying boy), Mahesvara, Shiva, Sadasiva, Rudra, Mahadeva, Karala(Formidable One), Vikarala, Nilakantha, Sarva, Pasupati (Lord of Beasts), Mrda, Pinaki, Girisa, Bhima, Mahaganapati, Kumara, Krodhanesa, Isa, Kapalisa, Krurabhairava (Cruel Bhairava), Samharabhairava (Dissolution Bhairava), Isvara, Bharga, Rurubhairava, Kalagnibhairava, Sadyojata (instantly arising -- a name of Siva as penis), Aghora, Mahakala and Kamesvara.


Chapter 4

The different mantras of Visnu are here given. These are the Laksmi-Narayana mantra, and the mantras of Radhakrsna, Visnu, Laksmi-Nrsimha, Laksmi-Varaha, Bhargava, Sita-Rama, Janardana, Visvaksena and Laksmi-Vasudeva;


Chapter 5

The different Utkelana (laying open) of the mantras given above are given. These are mantras which themselves open the mantras up to use.


Chapter 6

Gives the vitalising mantras of the Devatas described in chapters 2,3 and 4.


Chapter 7

In this chapter the mantras used for reminding any curses that may have become attached to the mantras in chapters 2, 3 and 4 are given.


Chapter 8

The method of reciting mantras is here described. The guru puja mantra is given.


Chapter 9

Deals with the method of putting together the mantras already described in chapters 2,3 and 4.


Chapter 10

Purascarana, or the performance of acts by which a given mantra may be made efficacious, is described in this chapter. This is performed by reciting it 400,000, 200,000 or 100,000 times. It should be performed under a fig tree, in the wilderness, in the cremation ground, in a desert, at crossroads, and should be started at midnight or midday. Purascarana should be done under auspicious astrological configurations after having worshipped one' s own guru. A yantra is described which should be used in its application. The sadhaka has to fill four pots at the cardinal points. At the end of the chapter alternative methods of doing this necessary act are described. These are through sexual intercourse with an initiated sakti, by reciting the mantra during the birth of a child of the in-group, on a dead body in a cremation ground, during the time the Sun takes to rise and set, in a solar or in a lunar eclipse.


Chapter 11

Continues the topic of the previous chapter, and describes the homa which should be done.


Chapter 12

Describes in code form the unfolding of the different yantras of the Devatas described in chapters 2,3 and 4.


Chapter 13

This chapter describes how an amulet (kavacha) may be made of the yantra of one's own Istadevata, bound into a ball, and carried upon the person. This amulet is said to give miraculous results. The yantra should be drawn upon birch-bark using 8 different kinds of scent. These are described as svayambhu, kundagola, Rocana, Aguru, camphor, musk, honey, and that arising from Malaya (i.e. sandal). The first two are well-known in the tantras as arising from various Kula women at the menstruation time. The others have similar significance in the left handed and Kaula tantras. Various methods of purification are given in the text, and it is declared that the 1,000 names of the particular Devata should be written around the yantra.


Chapter 14

Gives details of the Rishis or seers of the various mantras.


Chapter 15

The sadhana of the cremation ground. begins to be described. This chapter contains only 13 verses but there is an extensive commentary provided.


Chapter 16

Continues the topic. The different Bhairavas of the elements have to be worshipped. Mahakala-bhairava is the Seer of the mantra, Ushnik is the metre, Sri Smasana is the Devata, Hrim is the bija, Hum is the sakti and Krim is the kilaka. The application of the mantra is in the attainment of the four aims of mankind.


Chapter 17

Purification of the rosary formed from human skulls is discussed here.


Chapter 18

In this chapter rosary and yantra purification is dealt with. The nature of the five products of the cow and the Yantresvari mantra are also discussed.


Chapter 19

The origin of wine is the subject of this chapter. Nine vessels which form the receptacles in which wine is kept are discussed. The presiding Devatas of these are Sadasiva, Isvara, Rudra, Visnu, Paramesti, Indra, Guru,(Jupiter), Sukra (Venus) and the Sun and the Moon taken together.


Chapter 20

Gives further details concerning wine.


Chapter 21

The Santi Stotra commences this brief chapter. This hymn removes the curse attached to wine.


Chapter 22

This continues the topic of wine, and discusses how the same may be purified. It gives details concerning Anandabhairava and his Sakti Suradevi. The gayatri of the former is given as: Anandesvaraya vidmahe Sri Suradevyai Dhimahi tanna Ardhanarisvara pracodayat. (Let us think of the Lord of Bliss, let us contemplate the Auspicious Suradevi. May that half-Siva and half-Sakti form direct us.) The dhyana of Tiraskarani Devi is given towards the end of the chapter together with Her prayogas (rituals) etc. She confers invisibility on a sadhaka.


Chapter 23

This chapter deals with the purification of nine Saktis, who are Nati (actress), Kapaliki(bearing skulls), Vesya (whore), Rajaki (washer-woman), Napitangana (barber' s wife), Brahmini, Sudrakanya (Sudra's daughter), Gopalakanyaka (Cowherd' s daughter) and Malakarakanya (Daughter of a Garland-Maker). The Devata of this rite to follow is called Parambika-. The best time for the rite is at midnight. The puja sequence is given, and it is stated that the girl should be placed on the left of the sadhaka in a Sri Cakra. She has to have dishevelled hair, be free from shame, and adorned with jewels. The various mantras of each of these nine Kumaris are given. Details are given of the left handed cakra of eight or eleven couples and the mantras to be used.


Chapter 24

This gives various materials of which a rosary may be made, as also the way knots and so on are to be tied. The rosary made of human skulls is described, as well as rosaries made from various trees, tulasi rosaries, crystal, rudraksha, jewels, gold, and rosaries made from lotus seeds and human teeth. The last, and the first, are to receive specific kinds of purification.


Chapter 25

The purification of yantras and the various materials from which they are made are discussed in detail. Yantras are spoken of as eightfold as being made from gold, silver, copper, crystal, birch, bone, hide and Visnu-stone. The mantras for purifying these eight materials are given, and rites performed at night are discussed at the end of the chapter.


Chapters 26-30

These chapters comprise the Ganapati Pancangam (5 limbs). These limbs are (i) Mantra, Yantra, Dhyana and the six karmas or magical acts (ii) The worship of Mahaganapati (iii) The Kavaca or Armour of Mahaganapati (iv) The 1000 Names of Mahaganapati and (v) the Mahaganapati Stotra or Hymn.


Chapters 31-35

The Surya Pancangam or the Five Limbs of the Sun.


Chapters 36-40

The 5 limbs of Laksmi-Narayana.


Chapters 41-45

The 5 limbs of Mrtyunjaya.


Chapters 46-50

The 5 limbs of Durga Devi


Chapter 51

Deals with the rahasya or secret of Durga Devi.


Chapter 52

This brief chapter describes the mantra sadhana of the Durgarahasya, deals with enlivening of the mantra, and with its putting together.


Chapter 53

Discusses Nilakantha, or the blue-throated manifestation of Shiva, when he drunk the poison produced by the churning of the Milk Ocean. It gives his mantra, dhyana, and the seer.


Chapter 54

Discusses initiation, and its time, and deals with Guru initiation..


Chapter 55

This chapter discusses purashcharana and deals with the same done for the disciple by the Guru. It describes, in addition, the best places for doing the same.


Chapter 56

Pancaratnesvari, or the Devi of the five jewels, together with the mantra unfolding of Durga, Sarada, Sarika, Sumukhi and Bagala are dealt with here.


Chapter 57

Homa done at night in the cremation ground forms the substance of this section.


Chapter 58

Deals with the characteristics of cakra worship, the nature of those sadhakas entitled to it, the placing of the pot (kumbha) and the giving of bali or animal sacrifice. At the end Kanyapuja, or worship of virgins, is described.


Chapter 59

This chapter discusses the different paths, such as Daksinacara, Vamacara, and Kulacara.


Chapter 60

Deals with the guru.

Thus ends the Devirahasya proper



(i) The 5 Limbs of Jvalamukhi-Devi (ii) The 5 Limbs of Sarika-Devi (iii) The 5 Limbs of Maharajni-Devi (iv) The 5 Limbs of Bala-Tripurasundari (v) Uddharakosa, a compilation which deals with the mantras and dhyanas of a host of Tantrik deities, and also contains a compendium of the letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and their tantrika meaning.

There are 48 tantras mentioned in the text. They are Agamalaharitantra, Agamasiromani, Agamasindhu, Agamamrtatantra, Agamamrtmanjari, Agamarnavapiyusatantra, Agamalankaratantra, Agamadotatantra, Uddamaratantra, Kaminikalpa, Kamesvaratantra, Kalaratrikalpatantra, Kalikasarvasvatantra, Kalipatalatantra, Kalirahasyatantra, Kalisarvasvatantra, Kubjikasiromani, Kulacudamani, Kulasiddhasantana, Kulikarnava, Chinnarahasya, Chinnasiromani, Jvalasiromani, Tantramuktavali, Tripurasundarisarvasvam, Tripuratika, Tripuratilakatantra, Tripurasiromani, Tripurarasasarasarvasvam, Bhairavatantra, Bhairavasarvasvam, Mantrasagara, Mundamalatantra, Rudrayamala, Vamakesvaratantra, Visvanathasaroddhara, Visvayamala, Saradatilaka, Saradapatala, Saradatika, Syamatantra, Syamarahasya, Siddhasarasvatatantra, Sundarisiromani, Sundarisarvasvam, Svatantratantra. Many, if not most of these, are not available.


Devirahasya II

The jiva (embodied human) is devoid of qualities. Devi, for the jiva, pleasure is delusion. There is no doubt about this. Kundalini, the form of Sun, Moon and Fire, is endowed with qualities. Matrikabheda III, 6.

This is the second chapter of the large tantrik digest Devirahasya, and deals with the bija and other mantras of a number of Devis and Shaktis. Some of these, such as Bala, Jvalamukhi and Rajni have larger sections devoted to them in the body of the text.

As the Matrikabheda Tantra points out, "names" of goddesses are really adjectives of the one goddess, and this goes for male aspects of divinity too.

While, in the original text, the letters making up the following mantras were given in code form, they are decoded in the translation below. Numbers which occur in mantras, such as Krim 3, and so forth, mean the word is to be repeated the requisite number of times.

While the following collection of written words may even be expressed as utterances, the tantrik texts and adepts are adamant that such remain mere words and letters without being infused with the mantra consciousness of the Devis they are said to represent. The same applies to the geometric form of divinity expressed as yantra. They are dead collections of lines and petals without Shakti.


Patala Two

Shri Bhairava said: Now I will declare the body of mantras, Maheshvari, [for the forms of] Vishnu, Shakti and Shiva. Listen, Parvati, to the Devis:

Tripura, Tryakshari, Bala, Tripurabhairavi, Kalika, Bhadrakali, Matangi, Bhuvaneshvari, Ugratara, Chinna-Shirsha, Sumukhi, Sarasvati, Annapurna, Mahalakshmi, Sharika, Sharada, Indrakshi, Bagala, Turya, Rajni, Jvalamukhi, Bhida, Kalaratri, Bhavani, Vajrayogini, Varahi, Siddhalakshmi, Kulavagishvari, Padmavati, Kubjika, Gauri, Shri Khechari, Nilasarasvati, and Parashakti.

Now I will declare the whole body of the mantras of the Shaktis. Then I will declare the mantras of Shiva, O Parvati, in the following order:

Mrityunjaya, Amritesha, Vatuka, Maheshvara, Shiva, Sadashiva, Rudra, Mahadeva, Karalaka, Vikarala, Nilakantha, Sharva, Pashupati, Mrida, Pinaki, Girisha, Bhima, Ganesha, Pramathadhipa, Kumara, Krodhana, Kapala, Krura Bhairava, Samhara, Ishvara, Bharga, Ruru, Kalagni, Aghora, Mahakala and Kameshvara.

Deveshi I will (then) declare the Vishnu mantras hidden in the tantras, by which oral doctrine a mantrin goes to Vishnu's feet.

Lakshmi-Narayan, Radha-Krishna, Vishnu-Nrisimha, Varaha, Jamadagni, Sita-Rama, Janardana, Vishvakshena, Vasudeva - thus the 10 Vaishnava (forms).

These high mantras of Shakti, Shiva and Vishnu should be recited by the best of sadhakas, Maheshvari.

Having heard this uttering of the mantras, one should well conceal them.

The eight syllable mantra of Bala is Aim Klim Sauh Balayai Namah. The 15 syllable mantra of Bala is Ka E I La Hrim Ha Sa Ka Ha La Hrim Sa Ka La Hrim. The 16 syllable mantra of Bala is Shrim Hrim Klim Aim Sauh Om Hrim Shrim Ka E I La Hrim Ha Sa Ka Ha La Hrim Sa Ka La Hrim Sauh Aim Klim Hrim Shrim.

The 22 syllable queen of vidyas of Kali is Krim 3 Hum 2 Hrim 2 Dakshine Kalike Krim 3 Hum 2 Hrim 2.

Bhadrakali's great mantra is Krim 3 Hum 2 Hrim 2 Bhaim Bhadrakali Bhaim Hrim 2 Hum 2 Krim 3 Svaha.

The mantra of Raja Matangini is Om Krim O Rajamatangini give, give me all success in my aims Phat Svaha.

The vidya of Bhuvaneshavari is Hrim obeisance to Bhuvaneshvari. The five syllable vidya of Tara, who ferries one across the ocean is Om Hrim Strim Hum Phat.

One should conceal the mantra of Sumukhi, Maheshvari. Om Klim Ucchishtachandalini Sumukhi Devi Mahapishachini Hrim Thah Thah Thah Svaha.

The cosmic mantra of Sarasvati is Om Hrim Aim Hrim Om Sarasvatyai Namah.

The mantra of Annapurna is Om Hrim Shrim Klim namo Bhagavati Maheshvari Annapurne Svaha.

The great mantra of Mahalakshmi is Om Hrim Shrim Klim Aim Sauh Mahalakshmi Prasida 2 Shrim Thah Thah Thah Svaha.

The mantra, hard to get, of Sharika is Om Hrim Shrim Hum Phram Am Sham Sharikayai Namah.

The mantra of Sharada is Om Hrim Klim Sah Namo Bhagavatyai Sharadayai Hrim Svaha.

The mantra of Indrakshi is Om Shrim Hrim Aim Sauh Klim Indrakshi Vajrahaste Phat Svaha.

The mantra of Bagalamukhi is Om Hlim Bagalamukhi Sarvadushthanam Vacham Mukham Padam Stambhaya Jihvam Kilaya 2 Hlim Om Svaha.

The mantra of Mahaturi is Om Trum Traum Mahaturyai Namah.

The mantra of Maharajni is Om Hrim Shrim Ram Klim Sauh Bhagavatyai Rajnyai Hrim Svaha.

The mantra of Jvalamukhi is Om Hrim Shrim Jvalamukhi mama Sarvashatrun bhakshaya 2 Phat Svaha.

The mantra of Bhida is Om Hrim Shrim Hsraim Aim Klim Sauh Bhida Bhagavatyai Hamsarupi Svaha.

The mantra of Kalaratri is Om Aim Hrim Klim Shrim Kalaratri sarvam vashyam kuru 2 viryam Devi Ganeshvaryai Namah.

The mantra of Bhavani is Om Shrim Shrim Om Om Hrim Shrim Shrim Hum Phat.

The mantra of Vajrayogini is Om Hrim Vajrayoginiyai Svaha.

The mantra of Dhumravarahi is Aim Glaum Lam Aim Namo Bhagavati Vartali Vartali Varahi Devate Varahamukhi Aim Glaum Thah Thah Phat Svaha.

The mantra of Siddhalakshmi is Om Shrim Shrim Hrim Hsauh Aim Klim Sauh Siddhalaksmyai Namah.

The mantra of Kulavagishvari is Om Klim Hram Shrim Hum Jham Jhasahaste Kulavagishvari Aim Thah Jham Thah Strim Thah Svaha.

The mantra of Padmavati is Om Hrim Shrim Klim Blum Padmavati Mama Varam Dehi 2 Phat Svaha.

The mantra of Kubjika is Om Shrim Prim Kubjike Devi Hrim Thah Svaha.

The mantra of Gauri is is Om Shrim Hrim Glaum Gam Gauri Gim Svaha.

The mantra of Nilasarasvati is Om Hram Aim Hum Nilasarasvati Phat Svaha.

The mantra of Parashakti is Om Shrim Hrim Klim Sauh Hsauh Parashaktyai Aim Svaha.

Now I will declare the Shaiva mantras to you, listen Parvati. This supreme secret is revealed through your devotion. It is the ultimate secret of secrets and should be concealed like your own yoni.

End of Patala Two














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